Creative People Using AI to Explore New Territory
By AI Trends Staff
Human thought has always been central to creativity. This has been true through development of printing presses, gramophones, cameras, camcorders, typewriters, word processors, photo editing software and many other tools invented over centuries.
Maybe AI changes the game, suggests a recent account in TechTalks based on a reading of “The Artist in the Machine: The World of AI-Powered Creativity,” by Arthur I. Miller. Not that the book asserts AI will replace human creativity, but that AI is bringing change to the creative arts.
Key advances include: AI-assisted art, including an application called style transfer. Well-trained neural networks map the style of one image onto another. First proposed in 2015 by Leon Gatys in a paper titled, “ A Neural Algorithm of Artistic Style .” It allows for example a photograph to take on the style of a van Gogh painting. Gatys is affiliated with the University of Tuebingen, Germany.
Leon Gatys, author of “A Neural Algorithm of Artistic Style,” affiliated with the University of Tuebingen, Germany Style transfer has caught on, finding commercial applications in social media platforms. “I want to have a machine that perceives the world in a similar way as we do, then to use that machine to create something that is exciting to us,” Gatys is quoted as Miller’s book.
Another innovation is Pix2Pix, an AI algorithm that can convert a rough sketch into a real photograph. The Dutch broadcasting network NPO developed Pix2Pix as part of a project to use AI to analyze human creations and turn them into lifelike paintings. It uses a specialized form of generative adversarial network (GAN), which have been used in many creative AI projects, including creation of a painting that sold for $432,000.
“Pix2Pix empowers people who may not have the requisite motor skills and technical skills to express their creativity,” stated Phillip Isola, the creator of Pix2Pix. “It allows mixing of science and art together, offering a means to show data in a way that’s provocative, emotional, and compelling.”
Read about how to use Pix2Pix at tom’s guide .
Inventors Need to Be People in Europe
The discussion of whether AI will replace human creativity continues. The European Patent Office recently turned down an application that described a food container, because it was created by AI. The applicable law says inventors need to be actual people, according to an account in Fast Company written by T im Schweisfurth , associate professor for Technology and Innovation Management, University of Southern Denmark , and René Chester Goduscheit , professor of Technology and Innovation studies, Aarhus University , Denmark.
The authors outline how AI is being used in the creative process, notably in GANs applied to pictures. “But even if machines can create innovations from data, this does not mean that they are likely to...