What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? Explained


1. What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

2.  History of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

3. Types  of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

4.  How does  Artificial Intelligence (AI) Work?

5. Applications of  Artificial Intelligence (AI)

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

There is actually a field of science that focuses on making human-like intelligence by using the combination of hardware and software of a machine.  These types of machines can learn from experience, adjust to new inputs, and perform human-like tasks.  Since they act like humans and made in artificially so they are called  Artificial intelligence(AI) .

These AI systems are all capable of doing human-like tasks such as they can planning, learning, problem-solving, moving,  reasoning,  knowledge representation, and, to a lesser extent, social intelligence and creativity.

At first, some algorithms are built on the basis of which they start to work.  But over time, they collect information and make decisions by using these different types of information that they have collected. Since we are at the very beginning of Artificial Intelligence, so it's ok to call it  machine learning . Which also is a branch of  Artificial Intelligence  where machines are taught to learn.

If you are thinking artificial intelligence is only used for space programs and other important purposes then you're thinking wrong.  You do not know that you are also surrounded by Artificial Intelligence. If we talk about Google search, computer games, and virtual assistants such as Amazon's Alexa and Apple's Siri , they are all artificial intelligence, even what you buy online is operated by  Artificial Intelligence .

This artificial intelligence  can be classified as weak or strong. Weak  artificial intelligence , also known as Narrow  Artificial Intelligence (N AI) . That is an AI system designed and trained for a specific task, such as virtual personal assistants such as Amazon's Alexa and Apple's Siri, a variant of weak AI.

Strong  artificial intelligence , also known as   Artificial  G eneral  Intelligence (AGI) . That is an AI system with general human cognitive abilities. When presented with a task unfamiliar, a Strong AI system is able to find solutions without human intervention.

These types of artificial intelligence exist only in movies such as The Terminator . They don’t exist in today's reality, but AI experts are sharply divided over whether it will soon become a reality or not.

History of Artificial intelligence

The History of Artificial Intelligence (AI) began in ancient times. But in 1956 the word Artificial Intelligence was first adopted by American computer scientist John McCarthy at the Dartmouth Conference.  Read more...